Heidenstam, Verner von

(1859-1940)
   A Swedish poet and novelist, Heidenstam was one of the most important figures in the literary life of his country during the fin-de-siecle and a leader in the neoromantic reaction against the aesthetics of naturalism.An aristocrat by birth, Heidenstam traveled widely during his youth and visited most of the countries of the eastern Mediterranean. After pursuing art in Rome he went to Paris, where he became acquainted with the beginnings of the decadent movement. His first collection of poetry, Vallfart och vandringsar (1888; Pilgrimage and Years of Wandering), is characterized by a focus on the individual, aestheticism, a love of the exotic, and Heidenstam's admiration for the cultures of the classical past. His next volume of poetry, Dikter (1895; Poems), contains poems in a similar vein.
   Heidenstam laid out his literary program in the essay Renassans (1889; Renaissance), in which he argued that the scientific worldview of the naturalists was outdated, and he added a strong current of nationalism. The novel Endymion (1889) pits Western barbarism, a stand-in for naturalism, against Eastern culture and beauty, which may be read as signifying the new kind of writing that Heidenstam had in mind.
   In both poetry and prose, the novel Hans Alienus (1892) tells about a young Swede who revels in the life and culture of the Catholic Church, visits the past through a sojourn in Hades, and finally returns to Sweden. Heidenstam's next novel marks a nationalistic turn in his oeuvre. The novel Karolinerna (1897-1898; tr. The Charles Men, 1920) is the story of the ill-fated attempt of King Karl XII to bring the Baltics back under Swedish rule. The king is cast as a classical hero, with the Russians playing the role of the barbarians. Heliga Birgittas pilgrimsfard (1901; St. Birgitta's Pilgrimage) unites Heidenstam's nationalism with his aesthetic admiration of Catholicism. Folkungatradet (1905-1907; tr. The Tree of the Folkungs, 1925) gives an idealized account of the rise of Sweden.
   Heidenstam's nationalism gradually turned to conservatism, as demonstrated by two volumes of poetry, Ett folk (1902; One People) and Nya dikter (1915; New Poems). He received the Nobel Prize in 1916.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • HEIDENSTAM (V. von) — HEIDENSTAM VERNER VON (1859 1940) La décennie 1890 1900, en Suède, est tout entière dominée par l’altière figure de cet aristocrate qui, né au bord du Vätter, allait donner, après une quarantaine d’années d’errances à travers le monde, à son pays …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Verner von Heidenstam — Infobox Writer name = Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam birthname = Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam birthdate = birth date|1859|7|6|mf=y birthplace = Olshammar, Sweden deathdate = death date and age|1940|5|20|1859|7|6|mf=y deathplace = Övralid …   Wikipedia

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  • Verner von Heidenstam — Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam (n. Olshammar, Suecia, 6 de julio de 1859 † Estocolmo, 20 de mayo de 1940). Escritor sueco. Queriendo hacerse artista, estudió pintura en la Academia de Estocolmo, pero al poco tiempo la dejó para viajar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heidenstam, (Carl Gustaf) Verner von — born July 6, 1859, Olshammar, Swed. died May 20, 1940, Övralid Swedish poet and novelist. His first book of poems, Pilgrimage and Wander Years (1888), drew on his years living in southern Europe and the Middle East and was an immediate success.… …   Universalium

  • Heidenstam, Karl Gustav Verner von — ► (1859 1940) Escritor y poeta sueco. Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1916. Obras: Años de peregrinaje y vagabundeo (1888) y Endymion (1889), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

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